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All Jews are Israelites, but not all Israelites are Jews!

Abraham was called 'A Hebrew' (Gen.14:13)

This subject is a difficult one to understand by many people. There were no Jewish people before Jacob's son Judah, they all stemmed from him, as the names "Jew" "Judah" imply. Also, today, we think that the Jewish people are all Israel, forgetting that unlike the tribes of Judah and Benjamin, who returned under Ezra and Nehemiah from Babylon, there are multitudes of the other Tribes who never returned to Israel after the deportations to Assyria (read "Israel the beloved"). Thus, not all Israelites are Jews, but all Jews are Israelites!

Abraham was not Jewish, although of course he was the founder of the Jewish nation and of the faith of all Israel. He is called, as we read in Genesis 14:13 "An Hebrew" Oxford dictionary: ‘Hebrew’ = ‘One of the Hebrew people’ ‘Hebrew’ = A descendent of Eber (Strongs 5680 Ibriy (Ib-ree) from 5677) 'Eber'= ‘Set apart' (or, Ay-ber) from 5674 (Abar) = 'A descendent of Shem'
Gen. 49, 8-12. Jacob had 12 sons. They were all Israelites, and their descendents were divided into twelve tribes, each tribe bearing the name of one of the sons i.e. the Tribe of Dan came from Dan the son of Jacob, the tribe of Isaachar came from Isaachar another of the sons of Jacob, another was called Judah from Jacob's son, Judah. This tribe became known as the 'Jews.' Yahshua came from this tribe and was of course, Jewish.
The term "Jew" is derived from the name of Jacob's fourth son, Judah-Yehudah, in the Hebrew and originally only applied to Judah's descendents, who comprised one of the twelve tribes of Israel. After the death of David's son, King Solomon, a civil dispute split the twelve tribes of Israel into two kingdoms: the Kingdom of Judah in the south, which included the tribes of Judah and Benjamin (and some Levites and priests) and was centered around the capital Jerusalem and the Holy Temple; and the northern Kingdom of Israel, which included the other ten tribes.
In the 5th century BCE, the Kingdom of Israel was conquered by Assyrian King Sennaherib, and the ten tribes were exiled and lost. See "Israel the Beloved". The only remaining Israelites were the residents of the Kingdom of Judah, and somehow, the term "Yehudi" or "Jew" came to refer to all the Israelites, regardless of their tribal ancestry.

A short history:

Abraham, not Jewish, but an Hebrew Gen. 14:13, ‘set apart.’
Abraham begat Isaac, not Jewish but Hebrew Gen. 21:1.
Isaac begat Jacob, not Jewish but Hebrew. He became known as an ‘Israelite’ because Yahweh called him ‘Israel’. Gen. 32:1-30 and Hosea 12:1-5.

Jacob begat 12 sons Gen. 30.

Reuben, was not Jewish, but Hebrew (Israelites).
Simeon, was not Jewish, but Hebrew (Israelites).
Levi, was not Jewish, but Hebrew (Israelites).
Judah, Jewish, and also Hebrew, from whom came the Jewish people,
from whom Yahshua (Jesus) was descended, who also was Jewish.
Zebulun, was not Jewish, but Hebrew (Israelites).
Dan, was not Jewish, but Hebrew (Israelites).
Gad, was not Jewish, but Hebrew (Israelites).
Asher, was not Jewish, but Hebrew (Israelites).
Naphtali, was not Jewish, but Hebrew (Israelites).
Joseph, Israelite, but Hebrew (Israelites).
Benjamin, was not Jewish, but Hebrew (Israelites).

All Jews are Hebrews, but all Hebrews are not Jews.

Moses, Israelite, not Jewish, but Hebrew Exodus 2, 1-10. A descendent of Levi leads all 12 Tribes out of Egypt.Exodus 13:3.
Joshua, (Hoshea = Hebrew for ‘Joshua’ Numbers 13:8 ) descendent of Joseph, (called ‘Ephraim’) leads all 12 Tribes into the Promised Land, the land of Canaan.

When the 12 Tribes of Israel entered the land, they were ruled by Judges and Kings. Then, because of Solomon’s idolatries, Yahweh separated the tribes. He took away 10 Tribes (1 Kings chapters 11 and 12) calling them the Northern Kingdom, or Israel (also known as: Ephraim, Joseph or Jacob) while the two tribes, Benjamin and Judah are left in the land, and are called the Southern Kingdom, which became the Jewish people = descendents of Judah (house of David). (2 Kings 17:18 "...none left but the Tribe of Judah only...) After this division, the name ‘Israel’ from then on in the Old Testament, refers only to the Northern Kingdom.
Israel (known now as Ephraim, Joseph, or Jacob) are taken out of the land by force, by the Assyrians 7035 B.C. 10% are left in the land of Samaria. Isaiah 6:12-13. The rest is history, they lost their identity, they became as Gentiles, mixed in the nations.

The book of Hosea, a prophet to the Northern Kingdom only (called Israel, Ephraim, Joseph or Jacob) prophesied over Israel (Ephraim) judgement and future restoration. When the prophet married a prostitute, a symbol of Ephraim and his unfaithfulness and backsliding, the names Hosea is told to give his children are a prophecy of Yahweh’s judgement. I will put an end to Israel (called Ephraim, Jacob or Joseph) I will no longer have pity upon you." (Lo ruhama) and "You will no longer be my people" (Lo Ami ) Hosea chapters 1 and 2. Yahweh divorced His people for a season, they lost their identity, you cannot distinguish them, they look and behave just like everybody else. This is not the Jewish people, the Jewish people have an identity, they have remained faithful in the house. Yahweh never divorced them! We all know what they look like and how they live. (We know, of course, that there are thousands of Jewish people returning to their homeland in our day, who have been living in other nations, but we know who they are, what they look like, they have been faithful to their national identity, not so the ten lost tribes.)

Ezekiel 37:11-23 says that Israel (10 lost tribes) will return to the land. Jeremiah chapter 31 also says they will return to the land. The parables of Yahshua in Luke 15, The lost sheep, lost coin, lost son, are all related. The son lost his identity, while his brother (Judah) looked after the land. Isaiah 49 says that "They" (Ephraim) will return to the land, and everyone thinks these are the Jewish people. Not so. Judah, of which the Jewish people are descended were taken captive by the Babylonians in 586 B.C. and returned to the land 70 years later with Zerubbabel, Ezra and Nehemiah. That’s right, Judah returned to the land with some Ephramites who had assimilated into the tribe of Judah. To speak of the Levites is a subject on its own, and cannot be dealt with here. History from here on in the Bible (I emphasize 'history' not prophecy, although there are some stories involving Israelites who were descended from the 10% the Assyrians left in the land i.e. the Samaritan woman in the gospels) is the history of Judah, the Jewish people. It’s very clear in the Hebrew language that Yehudim is the word for the Jewish people.
But what about Ephraim? (Israel, Joseph, Jacob) by which the Northern Kingdom is called. Who are they?

Where are these people who have an inheritance in the land of Israel, with his brother Judah? Ezekiel 28:25 "When I shall have gathered the house of Israel from the people among whom they are scattered, and shall be sanctified in them in the sight of the heathen, then shall they dwell in their land that I have given to my servant Jacob." This is talking of a people who are Israel in the nations, who have lost their identity (see "Israel the Beloved" article)who will one day be joined together with Judah on the mountains of Israel.

What a wonderful day that will be, when Messiah re-unites His people. Just because they are lost, does not mean that they are forgotten or unknown by Yahweh. Of course He knows where they are, and He Himself will bring them in the day appointed. (see article "The beginner's guide to the future") Who will deal with the jealousy of Ephraim, and the vexing of Ephraim by Judah? (Isaiah 11:13) It will take a miracle to bring the two 'houses' back together again, but our Father is an Elohim of miracles, Who not only knows where they are, but is also able to make them one nation again. Who will bring about this 'togetherness'? Yahweh, by His Spirit, He will do it. In Ezekiel 37:22 Yahweh promises that, "I will make them one nation in the land upon the mountains of Israel".
Let us therefore understand the mystery of 'All Jews are Israelites but not all Israelites are Jews' the subject of this article. With the understanding will come a great joy in knowing that Yahweh will destroy the barriers between the Jew and the returning Gentile Israelites and make them once again a united people in the Land.