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Covenant Law or "imposed" (Hebrews 9:10) Law Page 2.

5. The Law which was 'added' Paul's instructions.
There is a great confusion within christian churches today about what part of the Law is relevant to believers today. Because of the way Paul's teachings are presented, especially through commentaries, many believers assume that because Paul talked about the Law 'done away with in Messiah' that he was speaking of the whole of the books of Exodus through to Deuteronomy. This is far from what he meant.
We read in Gal 3:2 "This only would I learn of you, Received ye the Spirit by the works of the law, or by the hearing of faith?
Gal 3:13 Messiah hath redeemed us from the curse (punishment for the breaking) of the law, being made a curse for us: for it is written, Cursed is every one that hangeth on a tree:
There are many more scriptures you are probably aware of which suggest that Paul somehow was 'disannulling' the 'Law'. So we know that there was a 'law' which was 'done away with in Messiah'. Rather, we read that Paul was instructing the new believers about the "Law that was added because of transgressions" (Gal 3:19) He was not disanulling the whole of the book of Exodus!
On the contrary he says nothing against the 'Book of the Covenant' nor indeed does he ever make any negative mention of doing away with the Covenant in his many discourses, or the many 'laws' or rather conditions linked with Covenant, including Sabbath, and honouring the various annual Feasts etc.
Indeed, he endorses the Covenant and encourages the Jews to return to it with all their hearts, and he also encourages the Gentiles to come into that very same Covenant through Yahshua. Gal 3:28-29 "There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither bond nor free, there is neither male nor female: for ye are all one in Yahshua Messiah. And if ye be Messiah's, then are ye Abraham's seed, and heirs according to the promise."

Far from disanulling the Covenant, Paul himself kept the Sabbath Day. So many times he alludes to visiting the Synagogue. Acts 17:2 states "And Paul, as his manner was, (or, 'as usual') went in unto them, and three sabbath days reasoned with them out of the scriptures." He also did good on the Sabbath day as in... Acts 16:13 "And on the sabbath we went out of the city by a river side, where prayer was wont to be made; and we sat down, and spake unto the women which resorted thither." Paul and the Apostles also kept the Biblical Feasts. Act 20:16 For Paul had determined to sail by Ephesus, because he would not spend the time in Asia: for he hasted, if it were possible for him, to be at Jerusalem the day of Pentecost.
1Co 16:8 But I will tarry at Ephesus until Pentecost. There are many more examples. Now the Feasts for the most part, and Sabbath are to be found in the Book of the Covenant.

The introduction of the Law imposed did not disannul the Covenant made with Abraham.

I would now like to mention a very important and relevant scripture. Gal 3:17 "And this I say, that the covenant, that was confirmed before of Elohim in Messiah, the law, which was four hundred and thirty years after, cannot disannul, that it should make the promise of none effect."
Sometimes, punctuation in Scripture can mislead us, as of course in the original Hebrew and also Greek, there was no such thing as sentence punctuation as we know it, and also sentence structure was and is very different to our own. So may I have the liberty to re-phrase this sentence?
Gal 3:17 "And this I say, that the covenant, that was confirmed before, the law, which was four hundred and thirty years after, cannot disannul, that it should make the promise of none effect. Paul is saying here, that the 'imposed law' did not nullify the Covenant promise to Abraham, in other words, that promise still stands.
Gal 3:18-19 "For if the inheritance be of the law, it is no more of promise: but Elohim gave it to Abraham by promise. Wherefore then serveth the law? It was added because of transgressions, till the seed should come to whom the promise was made; and it was ordained by angels in the hand of a mediator."
After the transgression, Yahweh gave Moses the words of the Covenant again on two fresh tablets, to be placed within the Ark of the Covenant.
2nd set of tablets
Deu 10:1-5 At that time Yahweh said unto me, Hew thee two tables of stone like unto the first, and come up unto me into the mount, and make thee an ark of wood. And I will write on the tables the words that were in the first tables which thou brakest, and thou shalt put them in the ark. And I made an ark of shittim wood, and hewed two tables of stone like unto the first, and went up into the mount, having the two tables in mine hand. And he wrote on the tables, according to the first writing, the ten commandments, which Yahweh spake unto you in the mount out of the midst of the fire in the day of the assembly: and Yahweh gave them unto me. And I turned myself and came down from the mount, and put the tables in the ark which I had made; and there they be, as Yahweh commanded me.

What then was the 'Added Law'?

From the point of the Golden Calf incident, as Yahweh spoke to him Moses began to write down the 'added law' because of sin. This Law which was added is Yahweh's expression of love towards His wayward people, in order for them to continue to be 'His people' in spite of their sin with the Golden Calf. These Laws, now collectively called "The Law," which included animal sacrifices for sin continued to be 'added to' as needed. We find this continuous stream of instructions through the rest of Exodus, Leviticus and Deuteronomy until Moses himself died. This was the 'imposed' law for Israel which was added (Gal 3:19) because of transgressions.
Therefore, the laws which were added after the Covenant on Sinai which were prescribed to be kept by Israel, because of their waywardness, in order that they should remain Yahweh's people, (perhaps because of Moses' prayer on their behalf?) they were not part of the original Covenant on Sinai, but were 'imposed' later. One such 'imposed' law was the wearing Tsit Tsit, or fringes on clothing to remember the Law. We read in Numbers 15:32-40 how and why this particular law was instituted.
"And while the children of Israel were in the wilderness, they found a man that gathered sticks upon the sabbath day, and they that found him gathering sticks brought him unto Moses and Aaron, and unto all the congregation, and they put him in ward, because it was not declared what should be done to him. And Yahweh said unto Moses, The man shall be surely put to death: all the congregation shall stone him with stones without the camp, and all the congregation brought him without the camp, and stoned him with stones, and he died; as Yahweh commanded Moses.
And Yahweh (as a consequence...) spoke unto Moses, saying, "Speak unto the children of Israel, and bid them that they make them fringes in the borders of their garments throughout their generations, and that they put upon the fringe of the borders a ribband of blue, and it shall be unto you for a fringe, that ye may look upon it, and remember all the commandments of Yahweh, and do them; and that ye seek not after your own heart and your own eyes, after which ye use to go a whoring, ye may remember and do all my commandments, and be holy unto your Elohim."

Another example (and this may come as a surprise to all New Covenant believers who observe this day) is, that the institution of the Day of Atonement was also an 'added' Law to Israel because of the sin of Aaron's sons who brought false fire before Yahweh's altar. You can find this account in Leviticus 10:1-5 "And Nadab and Abihu, the sons of Aaron, took either of them his censer, and put fire therein, and put incense thereon, and offered strange fire before Yahweh, which he commanded them not. And there went out fire from Yahweh, and devoured them, and they died before Yahweh.
And Moses said unto Aaron, "This is it that Yahweh spake, saying, I will be sanctified in them that come nigh me, and before all the people I will be glorified." And Aaron held his peace. And Moses called Mishael and Elzaphan, the sons of Uzziel the uncle of Aaron, and said unto them, "Come near, carry your brethren from before the sanctuary out of the camp. So they went near, and carried them in their coats out of the camp; as Moses had said."
The Feast of Atonement which was instituted afterwards i.e. not included in the original Covenant in Exodus, was in fact an added Law. The Day of Atonement was a special day which Yahweh inaugurated because of the sons of Aaron, for the High Priest alone to offer blood on the altar in the Holy Place once a year for the sins of the Priesthood, and the sins of His people.
Heb 9:6-8 "Now when these things were thus ordained, the priests went always into the first tabernacle, accomplishing the service of Yahweh. But into the second went the high priest alone once every year, not without blood, which he offered for himself, and for the errors of the people. The Holy Spirit this signifying, that the way into the holiest of all was not yet made manifest, while as the first tabernacle was yet standing. This had to be in place until the time of Reformation, (Heb 9:10) which stood only in meats and drinks, and divers washings, and carnal ordinances, imposed on them until the time of reformation, i.e. Yahshua's death and resurrection on behalf of all humanity. When He died, the veil was torn from the top to the bottom, making a way possible to enter in to the Presence of Yahweh. He offered a 'once and for all' sacrifice of His own blood. No longer then, was there the need for a special day, once a year, for a 'High Priest' to enter into the Holy Place to offer blood for his own, and for our, sins.

Yahshua not only became our 'once and for all High Priest' but His death and resurrection brought in this 'Time of Reformation' because He brought a completely New Order, a 'renewed' Priesthood. A renewal of "...the order of Melchizedek..." (Psa 110:4 "Yahweh hath sworn, and will not repent, "Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchizedek.") He came to inaugurate a new kind of worship, as He explained to the woman at the well in John 4:21-24. "Yahshua saith unto her, Woman, believe me, the hour cometh, when ye shall neither in this mountain, nor yet at Jerusalem, worship the Father... but the hour cometh, and now is, when the true worshippers shall worship the Father in spirit and in truth: for the Father seeketh such to worship him. Yahweh is a Spirit: and they that worship him must worship him in spirit and in truth."
Yahshua, the Mediator of the New Covenant brought worship in the Spirit to His people, worship in truth, with a heavenly, eternal Priest, forever 'making intercession for us.' A completely new order. The temple in Jerusalem became obsolete and had to go, (and did so in 70 A.D.) the Levitical Priesthood was finished (or rather, 'put on hold' - for a different time).
Paul stated in 2 Co 3:11 "For if that which is done away was glorious, how much more that which remaineth is glorious..." Paul understood this change. There was a change in Priesthood, and a change in Law as stated in Heb 7:11-17 "If therefore perfection were by the Levitical priesthood, (for under it the people received the law,) what further need was there that another priest should rise after the order of Melchisedec, and not be called after the order of Aaron? For the priesthood being changed, there is made of necessity a change also of the law...And it is yet far more evident: for that after the similitude of Melchisedec there ariseth another priest, Who is made, not after the law of a carnal commandment, but after the power of an endless life. For he testifieth, Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec." Read about this 'New Order' which Yahshua brought in. His death and resurrection changed everything. He spoke to the woman at the well in Samaria about a new way of doing things, a brand new and exciting relationship with the Father.

6. Is the 'Law that was added' still relevant today?
This 'imposed Law' was nothing to do with Covenant, it was indeed a Law which Yahweh insisted they kept because He was, at the point of the Golden Calf going to annhailate the whole nation. Were it not for Moses' prayer, and the added Law, He would have done just that.
In Exo 32:12 we read Moses' prayer on behalf of wayward Israel. "...Turn from thy fierce wrath, and repent of this evil against thy people." The Book of the Law was Yahweh's condition for Israel remaining His people. What a different story it would have been if Moses had not intervened, and Yahweh had completely destroyed His people. And yet another story if Israel had kept their Covenant vows and had become Yahweh's own Kingdom of Priests in Covenant with Him. What kind of world would that have produced, with a Covenant people at the helm of society?

When Yahshua came, He made a 'New Covenant' with the House of Israel and Judah. He came to set His people free from this imposed Law, for them to return to the original Covenant made first with Abraham and then with Israel on Sinai before they sinned. The Covenant which would have made them a Kingdom of Priests, a 'holy' people in Covenantal relationship with Himself, His own special treasure. Not under a Law which had been imposed upon them because of their continued disobedience. This imposed Law was Yahweh's mercy towards the people He had promised He would bless through Abraham. (Gen 12) It was, as Paul explained, their tutor. Gal 3:24-25 "Wherefore the law was our schoolmaster to bring us unto Messiah, that we might be justified by faith. But after that faith is come, we are no longer under a schoolmaster.
He also taught about this 'added' law in Gal 5:1-3 "Stand fast therefore in the liberty wherewith Messiah hath made us free, and be not entangled again with the yoke of bondage. Behold, I Paul say unto you, that if ye be circumcised, Messiah shall profit you nothing. For I testify again to every man that is circumcised, that he is a debtor to do the whole law." and verse 18, "...but if ye be led of the Spirit, ye are not under the law."

7. The original Covenant with Abraham - remains
On Sinai, Israel was brought into this Covenantal relationship, which of course they broke, hence the 'Law that was added...' Today, all mankind, Jew and Gentile are invited into this same Covenant through Yahshua. We can become 'children of Abraham.'
In Exodus 19:5 when Yahweh made Covenant with Israel, he was bringing the whole nation which stemmed from Abraham into this same Covenant. He then 'ratified' the Covenant with blood, and Moses with the Elders partook of the Covenant confirming meal with Yahweh. (reminding us of Yahshua's Covenant meal with His disciples, representing the 12 Tribes)
Exo 24:7-11 "And he took the Book of the Covenant, and read in the audience of the people: and they said, All that Yahweh hath said will we do, and be obedient. And Moses took the blood, and sprinkled it on the people, and said, Behold the blood of the covenant, which Yahweh hath made with you concerning all these words. Then went up Moses, and Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel: And they saw the Elohim of Israel: and there was under his feet as it were a paved work of a sapphire stone, and as it were the body of heaven in his clearness. And upon the nobles of the children of Israel he laid not his hand: also they saw Elohim, and did eat and drink."

So, as New Covenant believers, which "Laws and Commandments" are included in this Covenant of Faith? Gen 26:5 "Because that Abraham obeyed my voice, and kept my charge, my commandments, my statutes, and my laws." There were statutes and laws relating to the Covenant of faith which Abraham had with Yahweh of which we too we have a part.

8. Which 'statutes, commandments and laws' therefore remain?
When the people agreed to take Yahweh's 'proposal', Exo 19:5-8 "Now therefore, if ye will obey my voice indeed, and keep my Covenant, then ye shall be a peculiar treasure unto me above all people: for all the earth is mine: And ye shall be unto me a kingdom of priests, and an holy nation. These are the words which thou shalt speak unto the children of Israel." And Moses came and called for the elders of the people, and laid before their faces all these words which Yahweh commanded him. And all the people answered together, and said, "All that Yahweh hath spoken we will do." And Moses returned the words of the people unto Yahweh. Yahweh then gave them commands and a law to keep, which was 'their part of the marriage'. We read these verses as part of the original Covenant, from Exodus 19:16 when Yahweh met with Israel, and then from the beginning of the Commandments in Exodus 20, to Exodus 24:8. Read these chapters and verses for youself to see which laws and commandments are included in the Book of the Covenant.

i. The Ten Commandments. (Chapter 20:1- 26)
ii. Treatment of others, including slaves, wives, neighbours, hospitality etc. (Chapters 21 and 22)
iii. Seventh year sabbath for the land (Chapter 23:10-11)
iv. Seventh day Sabbath (Chapter 23:12)
v. Observation of the three main Feasts of Yahweh (Chapter 23:14-17)
vi. Not offering leavened bread with sacrifices (Chapter 23:18)
vii. Give firstfruits to Yahweh (Chapter 23:19)
viii. A re-mention of not serving other gods (Chapter 23:24)

After these 'judgements' and Commandments, Yahweh makes many promises to His people relating to them observing these commandments and conditions. (Chapter 23:25-30) These include:

i. His blessing on food and drink,
ii. Healing from sickness,
iii.Full-term pregnancy,
iv Safe and blessed child birth,
v. Long life,
vi. Protection,
vii. Victory over their enemies,
viii. Places to live,
ix. Inheritance.
Afterwards, there is a repetition of Yahweh's expectations and the reaffirming of Israel's promise to keep them. We then read that Moses wrote the Commandments down and 'ratified' the Covenant with blood (Chapter 24:2-8)

Yahweh's continued Covenant with Abraham.
In Genesis 12, Yahweh promised Abraham that He would bless him and make him great, and that a great nation would come from his line, and not only that, but all the families of the earth would be blessed through him. Gen 12:2-3 "And I will make of thee a great nation, and I will bless thee, and make thy name great; and thou shalt be a blessing: And I will bless them that bless thee, and curse him that curseth thee: and in thee shall all families of the earth be blessed." This was the Covenantal promise to Abraham. Yahweh kept His promise to Abraham, and we see the nation of Israel developing over the generations from his line (Isaac, Jacob, Joseph and so on...) until they became a mighty nation in Egypt.
As we know, Yahweh brought them from Egypt to Sinai through Moses. On Mount Sinai, Yahweh desired to re-visit the Covenant He made with Abraham and endorse it with the whole 'family' of Israel. Of course they 'blew it' but (because of the 'added law') He extended His mercy towards them and many, many from Israel through the ages returned to Him and became His people. We read about some of them in Hebrews 11, men and women of faith and faithfulness. Now, through Yahshua, and because of His ultimate sacrifice on Calvary, when He died 'once and for all' this same Covenant has been 'renewed,' but not only with Israel but it is now open for the whole of mankind to enter.

We have made the attempt to clarify a few things, regarding which laws are directly related to the Covenant Yahweh has made with His people through Yahshua in our day. So many are confused as to what is expected of us regarding the Commandments and Laws in the Old Testament, especially as Yahshua said 'Keep My Commandments.'
In revelation Rev 12:17 "And the dragon was wroth with the woman, and went to make war with the remnant of her seed, which keep the commandments of Yahweh, and have the testimony of Yahshua the Messiah." and again in 14:12 we read "Here is the patience of the saints: here are they that keep the commandments of Yahweh, and the faith of Yahshua." Obviously these are references to the believers in the 'end times' who appear to have faith in Yahshua for salvation, but who also keep the Commandments. Interesting.
These findings certainly answer a great deal of questions we New Covenant believers have, and for Messianic believers too. Understanding the difference between Covenant law and imposed law (because of transgressions) clears up the confusion as to which 'laws' and Commandments New Covenant believers need to adopt and which 'laws' to discard.
We hope our article has enlightened and helped you. After all, we are all on a journey of enlightenment if we are to continue to follow our leader and be led by the holy Spirit, He who was sent to lead us into all truth.

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